Updated: 2016-01-30 18:10 EST

1 Readings, Assignments, Labs, Tests, and ToDoIndexup to index

1.1 Read (at least) these things (All The Words)Indexup to index

  1. Week 03 Notes HTML – this file – Read All The Words
  2. File System and Pathnames – ROOT, absolute, relative, dot, dot dot
  3. Directories: ROOT, /root, HOME, /home, and current
  4. Searching for and finding files by name, size, use, modify time, etc.
  5. Shell GLOB patterns (wildcard pathname matching)
  6. List of Commands You Should Know
  7. Linux and Sysadmin News in the World

1.2 Assignments this weekIndexup to index

Check the due date for each assignment and put a reminder in your agenda, calendar, and digital assistant.

1.2.1 WorksheetsIndexup to index

Worksheets are preparation for your assignments. You can’t do the assignments without having done the worksheets first.

Form a small study group to do the worksheets. Each person tries the example given, and you make sure you all get the same answers. Worksheets are not for hand-in; they are not worth marks; the assignments test your knowledge of the lectures and worksheets.

The worksheets are available in four formats: Open Office (ODT), PDF, HTML, and Text. Only the Open Office format allows you “fill in the blanks” in the worksheet. The PDF format looks good but doesn’t allow you to type into the blanks in the worksheet. The HTML format is crude but useful for quick for viewing online.

Do NOT open the Worksheet ODT files using any Microsoft products; they will mangle the format and mis-number the questions. Use the free Libre Office or Open Office programs to open these ODT documents. On campus, you can download Libre Office here.

1.3 Lab work this weekIndexup to index

1.4 Upcoming testsIndexup to index

Read the Test Instructions (all the words) before your midterm tests.

  1. First Midterm test: 45 minutes; in lecture class noon Friday in Week 5 (Feb 12)
  2. Second Midterm test: 45 minutes; in lecture class noon Friday in Week 9 (Mar 18)

Tests take place in class in your one-hour lecture hour, not in your lab period.

1.4.1 Midterm Test #1 – February 12Indexup to index

  • Midterm #1 takes place on Friday, February 12 (Week 5) in your scheduled lecture hour (not in your lab period).
  • For full marks, you must read the Test Instructions before the test for important directions on how to enter your name, answers, your lab (not lecture) section number, and the test version number on the question sheet and the mark-sense forms.
  • There may be more questions on the test than you can answer in the time allowed; answer the ones you know, first.
  • I will post a set of practice questions and quizzes for the test soon.

3 From the Classroom Whiteboard/ChalkboardIndexup to index

3.1 Did not change password – CLS access revokedIndexup to index

Five students have had their CLS accounts disabled because they have not changed their default password. (I do not want people breaking into my machine because of you.)

See my online timetable for how to make an office appointment to see me if you want your account back.

3.2 Fifteen minute ruleIndexup to index

Your time as a student is valuable. If you come up against a tough problem and make no progress in fifteen minutes despite best efforts:

  1. get help from a professor or lab instructor
  2. get help from classmates
  3. take a break
  4. put it on hold and work on something else

This happens to all of us, and we need to watch out for it when it happens.

But what about when it’s midnight before the assignment is due?

Remember the “Don’t Leave Things to the Last Minute” rule!

3.3 CommandsIndexup to index

Keep a notebook with a List of Commands in it. - You need to write down yourself what each command does. - I will check for this list in your lab periods. - Check the updated list of commands each week.

3.4 Student errors in submitted assignment02.txtIndexup to index

78 of 87 students submitted the first assignment. Five people were late.

Four did not Read All The Words and did not upload the output of the marking check program.

Three people did not Read All The Words and uploaded the wrong file name:

Bad file name: assingment02.txt
Bad file name: cal.txt
Bad file name: cal.

4 Attacks on the CLSIndexup to index

Number of locked out IP addresses and attempts to use locked-out IP addresses in /etc/hosts.evil:

$ wc /etc/hosts.evil
$ fgrep -c 'refused' /var/log/auth.log
$ fgrep 'refused' /var/log/auth.log | less

Count the unique locked-out addresses and show the top twenty:

$ fgrep 'refused' /var/log/auth.log | awk '{print $NF}' | sort -u | wc
$ fgrep 'refused' /var/log/auth.log | awk '{print $NF}' \
    | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 20

Password failures:

$ fgrep -c 'Failed' /var/log/auth.log
$ fgrep 'Failed' /var/log/auth.log | less

Userid failures:

$ fgrep -c 'input_userauth' /var/log/auth.log
$ fgrep 'input_userauth' /var/log/auth.log | less

You can use the whois command on Linux to identify which country is responsible for an IP address, or use a Web Whois Lookup. (The Linux whois command is blocked from use at Algonquin College, except if you are on the CLS. You can’t use the Linux command in your own Linux machines on campus. Use it on the CLS or use the web interface instead.)

5 Locked out of the CLSIndexup to index

From the log file on the CLS early today:

Jan 27 00:30:44 Invalid user j from
Jan 27 00:31:42 Failed password for invalid user j from
Jan 27 00:37:37 Invalid user j from
Jan 27 00:37:50 Failed password for invalid user j from
Jan 27 00:38:17 Failed password for invalid user j from
Jan 27 01:01:22 Invalid user j from
Jan 27 01:01:38 refused connect from bas1-orleans06-1176137287.dsl.bell.ca (

When you are locked out, follow the directions in the notes to get your IP address re-enabled.

Take Notes in Class

Take Notes in Class

| Ian! D. Allen  -  idallen@idallen.ca  -  Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
| Home Page: http://idallen.com/   Contact Improv: http://contactimprov.ca/
| College professor (Free/Libre GNU+Linux) at: http://teaching.idallen.com/
| Defend digital freedom:  http://eff.org/  and have fun:  http://fools.ca/

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